VOLTAR PARA A PÁGINA ANTERIOR
‘My Devotional Practice’
Çré Çrémad Bhakti Dayita Mädhava Gosvämé Mahäräja
I have long left worldly life. Why did I leave it? I did it simply to engage in bhajana, devotional service. Bhajana of whom? Çré Kåñëa. Why bhajana of Çré Kåñëa? Çré Kåñëa is the sole cause of all causes and I have an eternal connection with Him only. Who is Çré Kåñëa?
Çré Kåñëa is that existence which is saturated with complete bliss. He has the ability to attract all other living entities, and by virtue of this He personally experiences bliss and also bestows bliss upon others. He is replete with unlimited knowledge. The seers of the truth know Him in His three-fold aspect of complete knowledge, existence and bliss. Tattva-vastu, the Absolute Reality, which is fully sat-cit-ananda, is indeed Çré Kåñëa.
Who am I? As a part of His potency I too am composed of existence, knowledge and bliss. I am not vastu-tattva, the Absolute Reality, but as part of His potency I have the aspects of existence, knowledge and bliss. Therefore I have an eternal relationship with Him.
What type of relationship do I have with Him? I have a relationship in every respect with Çré Kåñëa only. Çré Kåñëa has two energies: material (aparä) and spiritual (parä). I, as the conscious existence (the soul), am the cause, and part of Çré Kåñëa’s parä energy; and my existence in the form of the effect (the body), is part of His aparä energy.
Knowing that I belong to Him in every respect, I renounced worldly life to eternally dedicate myself to His bhajana. My gross, subtle and spiritual bodies are forever related to Çré Kåñëa, thus with all my senses I will at all times and in all circumstances attempt to engage myself in His service alone. This is my bhajana.
My initial resolve for bhajana
Now a question arises: was it not possible for me to stay in my normal worldly life to practise such devotion?
Of course I certainly could have remained there, but I would have had to cater to the tastes of others. This was the main obstruction I faced in living amongst those who were antagonistic to Çré Kåñëa’s service. That was unpleasant. I never wanted to make my valuable life unsuccessful by spending even a moment of it in activities other than serving Çré Kåñëa.
To attain the opportunity to constantly engage my different senses in loving service to Çré Kåñëa, I obtained by great fortune the association of a most compassionate person who is the abode of affection, the dear-most servant of Mahäprabhu. With loving compassion he overlooked my disqualification, and to enrich my greed for bhajana he accepted me as his own. Upon receiving a touch of his mercy, I enthusiastically resolved to engage all my senses exclusively and continuously in the bhajana of Çré Kåñëa.
Consequently, I set out with determination to follow all the primary injunctions of the scriptures regarding the cultivation of knowledge of the soul, and not of this temporary material body.
Surfacing of my anarthas
Spiritually-inclined people saw that I was becoming indifferent to material affairs and that I was engaged in the cultivation of spiritual practices. They started to honour me, considering me a sädhu (saint), and thus I became respected. I had resolved to one-pointedly cultivate spiritual life by submitting myself for rectification as a disciple. Unfortunately, however, I once again started to hanker for the luxuries of this body and for worldly prestige, impelled by my previous bad saàskäras (impressions).
I had always greatly revered and loved my Çré Gurudeva. Now, however, due to this burning urge to satisfy my senses, many a time I think him an obstacle to my devious ends and have started looking at him with a different attitude. I no longer consider him my well-wisher. I have some reverence for him so I cannot control him. Nor can I accept his discipline, because it would hinder my whimsical nature. Thus I find myself stuck in these two crises.
Although I had originally resolved to perform bhajana of Çré Kåñëa, gradually I have forgotten this aspiration. My endeavour now externally exists in name only. In fact, other than desiring to satisfy my senses, nothing brings any substantial delight to my heart. I used to consider myself fortunate upon gaining any opportunity to serve Çré Kåñëa but now I see such opportunities as troublesome.
I used to feel myself blessed upon attaining service to Çréla Gurudeva, but now that very same service seems burdensome. I used to be enthusiastic to serve devotees (i.e.Vaiñëavas and saintly people), but now I am apathetic to the very suggestion of such service.
My mind becomes perturbed if I am not always praised and honoured in every way by being offered an elevated seat, costly clothes and palatable dishes. Fearing public opinion, I often feel too shy to openly express such expectations, but I wonder how long I would continue to be counted as a bhakta if I did not receive all this. The sole pleasure of my senses has become prominent, taking the place of Çré Kåñëa’s bhajana.
Now my priority is to serve my senses. If by chance I perform some service for the sake of Çré Kåñëa or Çré Guru and Vaiñëavas, after or during the course of my selfish pursuits, then and then only am I able to perform bhajana.
The hypocritical attitude
Although I daily used to sing the glories of Çré Hari, Guru and Vaiñëavas, now within my mind I consider myself non-different from them; that is, equal to them. I am gradually trying to accept their position and I cherish the desire to attain this world, with the Vaiñëavas and Çré Bhagavän as my servants. My object of worship is no longer Çré Kåñëa but my whimsical nature. In public gatherings, I never fail to collect fame as a great Vaiñëava by openly declaring myself the servant of the servant of Çré Hari, Guru and Vaiñëavas. However, the truth is that within my heart I refuse to consider myself inferior to them at any cost. The external respect I used to give to çré guru and Vaiñëavas was only a device to establish myself in the society as a saintly man and thus earn prestige.
It is not that I have not reflected time and again that I have become immersed in this sorry plight. I used to consider that knowingly or unknowingly I must have committed some vaiñëava-aparädha. Offences to devotees usually lead to the waning of bhakti. Slowly such offenders end up being victims of sensual urges and entrapped by kapaöatä, self-deception. I am sometimes able to detect my faults, but because I fear public opinion and the loss of my false pride, I am reluctant to win the good grace of the devotees by humbly asking their forgiveness. I am more involved with winning the false adoration of worldly-minded people, and I neglect the pleasure of Çré Hari, Guru and Vaiñëavas.
My extreme misfortune
Sometimes, to impress the ignorant and eager for their adoration, I pretentiously take to the practice of solitary bhajana. And sometimes I take to the occupation of a mendicant, engaging in begging for my subsistence. All these attempts, however, do not satisfy my restless mind, and because I do not receive my full expectation of adoration, my unrestricted mind finds substitutes to satisfy it.
In this way, my bhajana of Çré Kåñëa now culminates in attempts to secure wealth, to liaise with women in the hope of attaining their merciful glance (and make them do my bidding), or to secure fame. Seeing my wretched condition, my true well-wishers and friends on the spiritual path repeatedly counsel me to refrain from these whimsical activities and take again to the protective guidance of Guru, Vaiñëavas and çästra.
Previously, when I considered their instructions to be nectarean, I bade farewell to worldly pleasures and came to perform bhajana, spiritual practices. My extreme misfortune, however, now keeps me in the guise of a saint, directly or indirectly impelling me to become mad in the pursuit of wealth, women and prestige. Instructions for my welfare no longer seem beneficial.
I had heard that çästra mentions two paths: çreyaù, the superior spiritual path, and preyaù, the way of natural tendencies. I had left preyaù to pursue çreyaù but my misfortune has brought me back to my old ways.
I am no longer eager to hear holy recitations of Çrémad-Bhägavatam or anything about Çré Bhagavän. How many times will I have to hear the same old stories? Drowsiness usually overcomes me as soon as I give my attention to such narrations. But sleep does not disturb me at all when I relish common, worldly gossip. I could remain wide awake the entire night just to engage in such gossip without experiencing the slightest distaste for it. I have forgotten the words of Bhägavatam I2.8.4). Therein, it is stated:
çåëvataù çraddhayä nityaà
gåëataç ca sva-ceñöitam
bhagavän viçate hådi
“For those who hear Çrémad-Bhägavatam regularly and who always take its subject seriously, the Personality of Godhead Çré Kåñëa will manifest in their hearts within a short time.”
The message of Çré Kåñëa in Çré Gétä regarding abhyäsayoga, constant devotional practice, has slipped from my memory. Having heard a little about bhakti, I have impulsively begun to profess well-versed knowledge of it. I am convinced that with my senses, which are full of lusty desires, I have understood what a bhakta is meant to be and now only Çré Bhagavän remains to be known by me. I have forgotten that the transcendental aspect of bhakti and the bhakta cannot be reflected upon or understood with my mind, which is full of sensual desires. Similarly, I have forgotten the glories of surrender to the Supreme Lord and the spiritual master.
näyam ätmä pravacanena labhyo
na medhayä na bahudhä çrutena
yam evaiña våëute tena labhyas
tasyaiña ätmä vivåëute tanuà sväm
Muëòaka Upaniñad (3.2.3)
“The Supreme Lord is not attained by expert explanations, vast intelligence, or repeated hearing. He is attained only by one chosen by He Himself, and He manifests His own form to that person.”
Even after repeatedly hearing these words of the Çrutis, I do not remember them. And I have forgotten that the association of the bhaktas and Bhagavän is never attained by the ascending process. I observe that sometimes my mind is inclined to perform austerities and at other times it is inclined to perform pious activities, even though I fully know that neither of these processes can bring one to the association of the bhaktas and Çré Bhagavän. But I have forgotten this.
rahügaëaitat tapasä na yäti
na cejyayä nirvapaëäd gåhäd vä
na cchandasä naiva jalägni-süryair
“My dear King Rahügaëa, unless one has the opportunity to smear his entire body with the dust of the lotus feet of great devotees, one cannot realize the Absolute Truth. One cannot realise the Absolute Truth simply by observing celibacy (brahmäcärya), strictly following the rules and regulations of householder life, leaving home as a vänaprañöha, accepting sannyäsa, or undergoing severe penances in winter by keeping oneself submerged in water or surrounding oneself in summer by fire and the scorching heat of the sun. There are many other processes to understand the Absolute Truth, but the Absolute Truth is only revealed to one who has attained the mercy of a great devotee.”
naiñäà matis tävad urukramäìghrià
spåçaty anarthäpagamo yad-arthaù
niñkiïcanänäà na våëéta yävat
"Unless they smear upon their bodies the dust of the lotus feet of a Vaiñëava who is completely freed from material contamination, persons strongly inclined toward material life cannot be attached to the lotus feet of the Lord, who is glorified for His uncommon activities. Only by becoming Kåñëa conscious and taking shelter at the lotus feet of the Lord in this way can one be freed from material contamination.
I have forgotten the earlier vows in pursuit of devotion that I took in the presence of my spiritual master. Those vows were in connection with being the servant of the servants of Çré Kåñëa and to not allowing any selfish ambition to remain within me. My only ambition was to serve Çré Kåñëa along with His parikaras. I started to perform bhajana with the highest objectives to be had within the realm of this universe. Why I have then rejected it all to take to the insignificant and temporary pursuits of trivial sense enjoyments, which are generally misery-bound? I do not reflect upon the cause of this with a sober frame of mind.
The pretence of yukta-vairägya
I once used to think that to maintain my life ample wealth was necessary, and that a woman who can submissively cater to my whims was necessary for the satisfaction of my senses. Now I read such verses as:
jäta-çraddho mat-kathäsunirviëëaù sarva-karmasu
veda duùkhätmakän kämänparityäge ’py anéçvaraù
tato bhajeta mäà prétaùçraddhälur dåòha-niçcayaù
juñamäëaç ca tän kämänduùkhodarkäàç ca garhayan
“Having awakened faith in the narrations of My glories, being disgusted with all material activities, knowing that all sense gratification leads to misery but still being unable to renounce all sense enjoyment, My devotee should remain happy and worship Me with great faith and conviction. Even though he is sometimes engaged in sense enjoyment, My devotee knows that all sense gratification leads to a miserable result, and he sincerely repents such activities."
On the pretence of adopting yukta-vairägya I have become complacent. I reflect that, after all, in my stage of sädhana, which is full of anarthas, bad habits are bound to exist. I therefore think that these statements have given eternal licence to my passions. But these statements actually mean that gradually one must control these inferior habits and selflessly endeavour for bhajana with no expectation of any return. I support my anarthas on the strength of another fault by thinking that for a sädhaka these anarthas are bound to exist. This fault is known as vipralipsä, the tendency to cheat.
There is no scriptural support for such unrestricted indulgence of the senses. This, too, I have forgotten. Until I become eligible to relish çuddha-bhakti-rasa and absorb myself in the service of bhaktas and Çré Bhagavän, çästra has cautioned me not to give up bhajana but to perform it while accepting those sense enjoyments that are necessary, all the while condemning them. If I do not condemn such sense enjoyment but fondly accept it, I will have no way of ridding my heart of it. I have forgotten all these statements.
My dismal state of affairs
In fact, meditating on the glories of lust, sense enjoyment, the association of women, sufficient wealth and worldly fame, will surely lead me to become eventually attached to them. I came to perform exclusive bhajana of Çré Kåñëa, but I have been allured by the glories of associating with women. I have rejected celibacy to yearn for marriage, having forgotten its transient nature. What fate would await me if I married?
Previously, I had definitely renounced this world, but in contemplating momentary pleasures afforded by wealth and forgetting the grief that accrues in such ventures, I have become enamoured by the endeavour to accumulate wealth. I am eager to win the fickle adoration of worldly people who are blinded by their madness for sense gratification, and I do not reflect upon the anarthas that accompany such deeds. I have therefore disregarded the instructions of Çré Hari, Guru and Vaiñëavas and displeased them.
At times, in my mad pursuit for distinction and prestige, I have not only neglected and offended them, but have become opposed to them. It is not that my dismal state of affairs has not disturbed me. Many a time I have analysed my depraved life, and how by leading it, I have spoiled my chances of attaining the lotus feet of Çré Kåñëa, who is supreme auspiciousness and full of bliss. I have spoiled my chances by acting against my own ultimate welfare.
Within my mind I sometimes become determined to lead a righteous life in every respect; but impelled by the results of my previous actions, sometimes, unknowingly, I become unrighteous. In this state I ask, “Is there any hope for my ultimate welfare?” I definitely think so.
Full dependence on Bhagavän’s mercy
I may fail any test in any circumstance but I will not be discouraged. I will continue to traverse the path of sädhana-bhajana; and my master, who is eternally worshipable for me, most compassionate and the deliverer of the fallen, will definitely shower his blessings upon me. “Kåñëa kåpä karibena’ — dåòha kari’ jäne – A fully surrendered devotee always hopes that Çré Kåñëa will be kind to him. This hope is very firm in him” (Caitanya-caritämåta, Madhya-lélä, 23.28).
“Dubalo yadi nä to dube dube vä – Even if my boat has sunk and I am drowning, I will not give up my efforts.” This principle will give me strength.”
I will not become bereft of hope at any time. No tendency other than bestowing bliss can remain in Bhagavän, who is the embodiment of complete bliss. He is the controller of everyone, and therefore in His dispensation there must be an arrangement to bestow bliss, and only bliss, upon me. I am His servant, so He will surely protect and maintain me. Of this there is no doubt.
bhümau skhalita pädänäà / bhümir evävalambanam
tvayi jätäparädhänäà / tvaà eva çaraëaà prabho
“Just as the ground is the only support for those whose feet have slipped, You are the only shelter even for those who have offended You.”
Remembering this statement again and again, begging everyone forgiveness for my offences, and fully dedicating myself to the service of Bhagavän and His dear associates with determination, I will continue to offer prayers to the bhaktas and Bhagavän with a service attitude. It is only by their merciful blessings that I can overcome all my tendencies other than to perform bhakti and attain bliss by rendering service unto them. Service to the bhaktas (i.e. Guru and Vaiñëavas) and Bhagavän, is indeed my bhajana, devotional practice.
Translated from Çré Caitanyaväëé, Year 3, Issue 1
Courtesy – Püjyapäda Çréla Bhakti Vijïäna Bhäraté Mahäräja
from Rays of The Harmonist, Number 11, Karttika 2002
AS TRÊS GRANDES ONDAS DE SRI CAITANYA MAHAPRABHU NO BRASIL
(História do Movimento Hare Krsna no Brasil - por Vyasa Dasa)
Relato Histórico do Inicio do Vaisnavismo no Brasil em 1973, com A.C. Bhaktivendanta Swami Prabhupada, e os demais momentos importantes que se seguiram com a continuidade evolutiva do Estabelecimento de Grandes Acaryas Vaisnavas, sendo Srila Sridhara Maharaja a partir de 1.980 e atualmente Srila Narayana Maharaja.
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